The Physiomedical Dispensatory by William Cook, M.D., 1869
BUSH HONEYSUCKLE, GRAVELWEED
Description: Natural Order, Caprifoliaceae. Allied to the common elder and cranberry. Formerly placed in lonicera. Low shrubs, two feet high. Leaves opposite, finely serrate, ovate or oblong, taper-pointed, on short petioles, two to four inches long. Flowers axillary and terminal, two or three together, greenish yellow; corolla funnel-shaped, five-cleft; stamens five. In hedges and thickets from Canada to Carolina.
Properties and Uses: The bark from the roots and branches is, when dried, a relaxant and moderately stimulating agent, of rather an unpleasant taste, and likely to cause nausea if united with other relaxants. (§262.) It acts pretty largely upon the kidneys; and has been found useful in gleet, sub-acute gonorrhea, and scanty and sedimentous urine. From such an action, it is evidently a gentle tonic to the mucous membranes. The people of some sections have great faith in its curing gravel, but this opinion can not be verified by experience. It is a general alterative of the mildly relaxing grade; and may be employed in scrofulous and cutaneous difficulties. Locally, it soothes phlegmonous sores, and is good in irritable and scrofulous ulcers. It is not astringent, as commonly described; and is an article of only moderate power. Prof. C. S. Rafinesque first called the attention of the profession to it. The leaves are said to make a more soothing application than the bark, and to be an equally good diuretic, but not alterative. An ounce of the bark digested in a pint of hot water, may be given in doses of two fluid ounces every four hours.
Medical Herbalism journal and medherb.com